This study aims to expose the limitations of existing security solutions for securing Green data center’s challenges. They will do so by considering the boundaries of existing security frameworks that cannot enhance the Security of data centers.

Green Data Center Challenges

A Green Data Center design operates efficiently, using the maximum energy and causing minimum environmental impact. It considers the efficiency of all components making up the data center.

The focus on green data centers is driven by the need to protect the environment. Also, they want to achieve more efficient output by processes. Green data center designs are alternatives to reducing costs compared to non-green data centers.

Energy consumption in data centers has grown out of proportion with the energy available in the universe. Technology has improved services and their application.

The need for eco-friendly energy and an increase in data center performance brought Green Computing into the energy consumption of data centers. Information tech has grown & eaten deep into the society that nearly all the sectors, if not all, depend on information technology to move on.

The consumption of power has increased dramatically. This article will discuss the techniques for optimizing energy in data centers for Green Computing.

Security Challenges faced by Green Data Centres

We usually see personnel without relevant job responsibilities while auditing our data center clients. They have access to secure areas such as the data center computer room. Restricting physical access to systems with sensitive info should be limited to only those people whose job function needs them to have access.

Physical Security is also a major risk to data centers. We often see data centers lacking vigilance that relies too heavily on monitoring instead of implementing physical patrols. It can eliminate tailgating risks and ensure prohibited access to secure & restricted areas doesn’t happen.

Last but not least, another significant risk to data centers is cyber threats. With emerging threats bringing new forms of malware, social engineering, brute force attacks, & other unauthorized access, organizations must be on their toes about cybersecurity.

How to overcome Green Data Centre Security Challenges?

From a logical access point, Green data centers should have a robust information security program. Using an industry framework like the CIS Critical Security Controls can be a great start towards protecting info, Security, & building management systems at a Green data center.

It should always begin with a risk assessment. Executing regular risk assessments on information security systems can help you control the need for redundancy, additional hardening, failover, or business progression procedures.

Risk assessments can assist you in prioritizing your assets, analyzing the risks to the assets, & implement controls to address the risks, improving overall data center security.

How can Green Data Centers meet Client Demand without immolating Security?

Companies house their systems in a third-party Green data center because of the physical security features. Green data centers are usually located in hardened buildings & areas where the risk of natural disasters is minimized. 24-hour onsite

Security & monitoring are also significant features that clients want in their data centers. Many consumers also appreciate the customer access controls, which often demand the data center customer to provide advanced notice when they plan to bring a visitor to the data center for a tour.

Green Data Centre Optimization Challenges

One of the greatest Green data center challenges is the unseen cost crisis coiling within data centers. It triggers by the growing separation between prompt computation performance of the server & a deficiency of increase in applicable techniques & methods to stand up energy efficiency.

The significant rise in server energy utilization burdens data center operators with continuous increasing electricity & cost of the corresponding site on every host deployed.

Another Green data center challenge is its carbon footprints. As man becomes more and more conscious of protecting his environment, the quantity of carbon (CO2) released into the atmosphere affects regulatory bodies.

The efficiency of data centers is also measured based on their carbon usage effectiveness (CUE). With Green data centers, data centers can produce power through eco-friendly approaches, producing 0% of carbon. For data centers that derive electricity from such sources, CUE is defined as follows:

CUE = Total CO2 emission caused by the Total Data Center Energy / IT Equipment Energy

Solutions to Optimize Green Data Center Challenges

Cooling Sytems

In the cooling systems, the use of usual air conditioning (AC) units can’t cause a better change in the temperature due to the increase in data center servers & more energy consumption. Even the AC units also consume energy.

So, a liquid cooling approach/ fresh air cooling gets implemented to reduce the cost of the cooling system in data centers. A heat pipe-based ice storage system is proposed.

This cooling system method is location-based; it is deployed in a geographical area with low temperature to enable the formation & of cold water to decrease the temperature. It also reduces the energy consumption of the data centers.

The building of the ice storage system is cost-effective because its location is deep underground, and it requires low storage space and construction costs.

Warm water forthcoming from the servers is pre-cooled using the proposed cooling model “ice storage system.” It lessens the cooling load in the chiller, reducing the power consumption used for the data center cooling.

Transferring the waste heat to a fluid very close to the point of generation rather than transferring it to air or from the point of generation to the cooling system and from the cooling system to air is called direct liquid cooling. This cooling mechanism’s deployment demands installing cooling coils directly onto the rack to capture & remove waste heat.

Some of the proposed approaches in these mechanisms can get deployed based on a water cooling system. In these systems, the water circulates the components, like processing units where the heat increase is noticeably higher.


Energy optimization for Green data centers doesn’t just involve efficient energy use. It also drops CO2 emissions in the environment. The possible decrease in energy & emissions amount through good design is essential. The move to more environmentally sustainable approaches impacts software & infrastructure architecture.

The cooling system will help to control the heat and reduce the emission of footprints into the environment. Further research will get carried out on the importance of specific energy optimization techniques relating to Green data centers.


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